The toady was famous for the fairs which competed to the Nizhny Novgorod about hundred years ago. From different places brought various products and materials for sale here. All districts - the Toady,, Palekh, Shuya - was the center of national craft painting of icons. It developed several centuries ago.
Houses in the Toady mostly wooden, one-storeyed. Many are decorated with a fine carving with images of fantastic beings - semi-fishes semi-people. The beauty of the dwelling in combination with beauty of the local nature created an environment which promoted creativity. Long since the Toady's inhabitants, without having an arable land, were compelled to go in for any craft. The main thing they had a writing of icons and embroidery.
Semi-faience became the same remarkable art phenomenon, as well as a majolica. Gzheltsam was succeeded to receive white ware white, like faience at the beginning of the XIX century. Having added lime to the clays, gzhelets received the material called simple faience or semi-faience and within the XIX century created from it tens of thousands of necessary household items.
For a holuysky varnish miniature the proximity to nature, picturesque picturesqueness is characteristic. This one of its directions. In it there are a lot of household plots; in komrozition there is no overload details, they are laconic and clear. Color differs in freshness and purity. The gold ornament creates transition to the neutral plane of a subject. The miniature is strongly merged with a thing which it decorates.
The history of Gzhel leaves deep into centuries, and its folk art is fated long life, today the well-known national trade gains new strength. Bluebirds of happiness of Gzhel depart to the different ends of the planet to decorate life of people, to bring up sense of beauty.
In documents there is a mention that at the end of XVI and the beginning of the XVII century in Trinity-Sergius Lavra at reception of guests to them the wooden ladles decorated with gold and cinnabar, and also cups brought.